Chernyshev Kirill Igorevich, Lawyer, regional bar association “Pravoved” (18 Moskovskaya street, Penza, Russia), firstname.lastname@example.org
Background. A migration policy and trends of migration legislation of a state is often conditioned not only by domestic, but also by foreign policy processes. For two post-Soviet decades Ukraine has been an important migration partner of Russia, and therefore it is impossible to overestimate the significance of events in the neighboring country, and the impact of these events on migration trends. The aim of this work is to consider main aspects of the impact of the political crisis and the situation in Ukraine in late 2013–2014 on the migration policy and migration legislation of the Russian Federation, to determine the relationship between the events in the territory of neighboring States and changes in the Russian legislation, which in this context are intended to minimize the negative consequences for the economy and socio-political situation in Russia. The universality and relevance of the research problem once again confirm that migration as a phenomenon is closely linked to the functioning of society, state, nation, region, ethnic groups and national minorities.
Materials and methods. The research task was accomplished through the study and analysis of key processes and events in the territory of Ukraine, the review of normative legal acts of the Russian Federation, regulating migration relations at different levels. The methodological basis of the research included methods of comparative-legal and historical-legal analysis: the author reviewed and analyzed legislative acts adopted in 2013–2014 year, as well as changes in the regulatory legal acts regulating social, public relations in the field of migration both within the country and abroad.
Results. The article attempts to carry out a legal analysis of the impact of the events in Ukraine in 2013–2014 on the migration policy of Russia, considers normative- legal acts, argues a number of suggestions to deescalate the migration tension. While considering this question the author consciously avoided political assessment of the situation, since all conclusions drawn in this article are interim and subject to revision in the course of changing internal and external environment. Undisputed is the fact that the migration policy of the state, including Russia, can not be related to the political situation in the neighboring country, which for many years was a stable partner in the field of migration. The flow of refugees from the Ukraine has a global effect on migration trends, largely determining the migration policy of the Russian Federation, and has an impact on the situation of migrants.
Conclusions. Since the early XXI century Russia has become one of the leaders of world migration processes. This trend requires a scientific understanding of migration trends in modern Russia, taking into account not only a good practice, but also the interests of Russians, as well as the development of a number of proposals to public authorities, aimed at operational change in legislation. It is obvious that the flow of migrants from Ukraine significantly complicates the political situation in Russia, where public attitudes towards migration as a social phenomenon are extremely contradictory. One cannot, however, ignore the fact that population growth at the expense of the people from Ukraine will allow the state to solve many problems. In this situation, it is very important to strike a balance between the interests of the state, the interests of citizens of the Russian Federation and the interests of Ukrainian citizens.
migration, institution of migration, Russia, Ukraine, migration policy, migration processes, migration, political crisis, law, state
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